Association between long noncoding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 and microRNA-377 in vitiligo

Alhelf M.
Rashed L.A.
Ragab N.
Elmasry M.F.

Background: Taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is one of the long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that plays a role in melanogenesis. MicroRNA-377 (miRNA-377) is a conserved noncoding RNA that regulates angiogenesis and promotes oxidative stress. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are components of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. PPAR-γ activators stimulate melanogenesis. Interleukin (IL)-17 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several immunological diseases. This work aimed at detecting the expression levels of lncRNA TUG1, miRNA-377, PPAR-γ, and IL-17 among vitiligo subjects and to investigate their possible role in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. Methods: This study was conducted on 30 healthy controls and 30 vitiligo patients. LncRNA TUG1 and miRNA-377 were detected in serum by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Also, expressions of PPAR-γ and IL-17 were assessed in tissue by real-time PCR. Results: LncRNA TUG1 and PPAR-γ levels were significantly downregulated in the vitiligo group compared with the control group. On the other hand, miRNA-377 and IL-17 were significantly upregulated in the vitiligo group compared with the control group. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the dysregulated expressions of lncRNA TUG1 and miRNA-377 in patients with vitiligo suggesting that both contributed to the pathogenesis of vitiligo that might be through PPAR-γ downregulation and IL-17 upregulation. © 2021 the International Society of Dermatology